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Capital - Tbilisi
Area-69,700 square meters; 69,700 square meters
Climate-Diverse: Humidity-little amount, air-dry
Population - 4,630,841
National Currency - Lari
Location-Georgia is located on the borders of Europe and Asia, specifically in the Caucasus region. It borders the Black Sea from the west, Russian Federation from the north, Azerbaijan from the south east, and Armenia and Turkey from the south.
Georgia is a country of ancient civilization. Its territory was populated by people 1.7-1.8 million years ago. This fact is proven by the results of archaeological excavations in Dmanisi, south eastern Georgia, in 1999. Archaeologists discovered a skull of Homo erectus (Standing human) and the lower jaw of Archantropus. The remains of a human were found in Dmanisi and have been acknowledged as the oldest inhabitant of Eurasia and referred to as the "First European".
A very important road known by the name of "Silk Road" crossed the territory of ancient Georgia. It connected India and mid Asia with Europe. On one hand, it assisted the social, political, and economic upturn of the country. On the other hand, its advantageous strategic location subjected Georgia to the invasion of conquerors. This resulted in some lost territories but the Georgian people always found strength to escape the rule of foreign tribes. Through history, many powerful empires have collapsed but Georgia still remains and continues to protect its interests. Even today, Georgian heroes sacrifice themselves for the protection, unity and freedom of their homeland.
King Paranvaz the First, (304-239 B.C) who administered a series of national religious reforms appeared as the first official political figure in the history of Georgia. He is mentioned as the first ruler of Iberia by historic sources. Creation of the Georgian alphabet and distribution of the first scriptures in the Kingdom of Kartli are linked to his name. According to experts on Georgia, Parnavaz created the alphabet in 285-284 B.C
Christianity – The spread of Christianity in Georgia began in the first century when the Virgin Mary asked St. Andrew "The First", Svimon Kananeli, and Matata to come to her predestined Kingdom of Iveria and preach Christianity. However, Christianity was announced as a state religion in 326. This fact is linked to the names of King Mirian and Queen Nana, who adopted Christianity after the arrival of St. Nino from Cappadocia. The Georgian church has recognized King Mirian as a Saint.
The fact that Georgia is an ancient country full of rich, multi-century culture is manifested in the abundance of monuments and artifacts that were created in the B.C. epoch. During that time gold-smiths and architects were exceptionally sophisticated in the Georgian kingdoms of Iberia and Kolkheti (Vani, Uplistsikhe.) Evidence has proven that Georgian tribes produced metals during the Neolithic period and according to Greek sources and myths, the Kingdom of Kolkheti contained large gold reserves.
During different periods in history, cultures of various countries blended with their Georgian counterpart, which resulted in further enrichment of the local culture.
Georgia is distinguished by its diverse architectural structures, which have become a treasure to the country. There are unique churches in large and small cities and villages with complex architectural details and extraordinary frescos. Buildings now exist that were erected in the first millennium giving credence to the fact that construction technology was very sophisticated at that time. Folk Music is a fundamental element of the Georgian culture and Georgian Folk Music is unique and famous all over the world. Polyphony, which represents the peak of musical thinking, is typical of Georgian Folklore. It is possible to encounter some elements of ancient ideas in Georgian Folk Music. It is not a coincidence that UNESCO recognized Georgian Polyphonic Music as the monument of world non-material culture in 2001. This once again proves the intercultural importance of Georgian traditional polyphony.