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Uplistsikhe is the oldest city, carved out of rock, in the Caucasus region and is first mentioned in the historical scriptures of the 7th century. The main part of he Uplistsikhe architectural complex, was built in ancient times (6th -9th centuries B.C).
"Uplistsickhe" is the ancient name of the place used as the residence of the local rulers which is evident by its name which id translated into "Residence of the Ruler" ("Upali" in Georgian). Uplistsikhe is located on the left bank of the river Mtkvari, 10 kilometers to the east of Gori.
Vardzia (12th century) is a city carved into the rock – a monastery – a Royal Palace which was elevated by 100 meters and consisted of thirteen floors. Originally Vardzia had 3,000 rooms and a capacity for more than 3,000 people (365 of the rooms belonged to King Tamar). There were more than 600 storage rooms, kitchens, libraries, cells, and auxiliary storages in addition to 25 wine-cellars with 185 pitchers, and more. Several floors of the complex are connected to each other by a labyrinth of tunnels. The Vardzia complex has 15 churches. The most significant is the Saint Mary Cathedral, where wall paintings of biblical fragments are preserved along with the frescoes of King Tamar and her father - George III. Over time, invasions and earthquakes destroyed a large part of the Vardzia Complex. Despite this fact, the complex still astonishes visitors with its subtlety and importance. The Vardzia cave collection is located 290 kilometers away from Tbilisi, in the Samtskh-Javakheti region.
The Davitgareji cave monastery complex is spread out over 25 kilometers of the Gareji semi-desert and it consists of 14 monasteries. In the 6th century, 13 Assyrian monks established the monastic life in Georgia and one of them, St. David from Gareji founded the Gareji Lavra. Davitgareji monasteries were multifunctional. Along with strengthening the Christian faith, they played an important role in the educational, cultural and artistic development of the country. Chroniclers served in these monasteries, theological literature was written, books were translated and collections were created. The Davitgareji desert is the place where Shah Abbas killed 6,000 monks on an Easter night in 1616. A Soviet military base and firing range was constructed near the Davitgareji Monastery. Due to intensive military training, the unique frescos of the monastery were destroyed. However, the monastery still makes a huge impression on visitors.
Sataplia karst caves located in Sataplia reserved territory. The length of the cave is 900m, the height is 10m and the width is 14-15 m. In Satalpia cave is the stalactite and stalagmite amazing forest. The “Gumbatovani darbazi” and “ Nagventi sasaplao” is the great spectacular of the Sataplia Cave. The cave was found in 1925.